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2015.46: Scaled and squared subdiagonal Padé approximation for the matrix exponential

2015.46: Stefan Güttel and Nakatsukasa Yuji (2015) Scaled and squared subdiagonal Padé approximation for the matrix exponential.

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Abstract

The scaling and squaring method is the most widely used algorithm for computing the exponential of a square matrix A. We introduce an efficient variant that uses a much smaller squaring factor when ||A||>>1 and a subdiagonal Padé approximant of low degree, thereby significantly reducing the overall cost and avoiding the potential instability caused by overscaling, while giving forward error of the same magnitude as the standard algorithm. The new algorithm performs well if a rough estimate of the rightmost eigenvalue of A is available and the rightmost eigenvalues do not have widely varying imaginary parts, and it achieves significant speedup over the conventional algorithm especially when A is of large norm. Our algorithm uses the partial fraction form to evaluate the Padé approximant, which makes it suitable for parallelization and directly applicable to computing the action of the matrix exponential exp(A)b, where b is a vector or a tall skinny matrix. For this problem the significantly smaller squaring factor has an even pronounced benefit for efficiency when evaluating the action of the Padé approximant.

Item Type:MIMS Preprint
Uncontrolled Keywords:matrix exponential, scaling and squaring, subdiagonal Padé approximation, stable matrix, conditioning, matrix function times a vector
Subjects:MSC 2000 > 15 Linear and multilinear algebra; matrix theory
MSC 2000 > 65 Numerical analysis
MIMS number:2015.46
Deposited By:Stefan Güttel
Deposited On:26 June 2015

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