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2015.107: On the sign characteristics of Hermitian matrix polynomials

2015.107: Volker Mehrmann, Vanni Noferini, Francoise Tisseur and Hongguo Xu (2015) On the sign characteristics of Hermitian matrix polynomials.

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The sign characteristics of Hermitian matrix polynomials are discussed, and in particular an appropriate definition of the sign characteristics associated with the eigenvalue infinity. The concept of sign characteristic arises in different forms in many scientific fields, and is essential for the stability analysis in Hamiltonian systems or the perturbation behavior of eigenvalues under structured perturbations. We extend classical results by Gohberg, Lancaster, and Rodman to the case of infinite eigenvalues. We derive a systematic approach, studying how sign characteristics behave after an analytic change of variables, including the important special case of Mobius transformations, and we prove a signature constraint theorem. We also show that the sign characteristic at infinity stays invariant in a neighborhood under perturbations for even degree Hermitian matrix polynomials, while it may change for odd degree matrix polynomials. We argue that the non-uniformity can be resolved by introducing an extra zero leading matrix coefficient.

Item Type:MIMS Preprint
Subjects:MSC 2000 > 15 Linear and multilinear algebra; matrix theory
MSC 2000 > 65 Numerical analysis
MIMS number:2015.107
Deposited By:Dr Françoise Tisseur
Deposited On:27 November 2015

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