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2006.232: Granular flow in partially filled slowly rotating drums

2006.232: J.M.N.T. Gray (2001) Granular flow in partially filled slowly rotating drums. Journal of Fluid Mechanics, 441. pp. 1-29. ISSN 0022-1120

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DOI: 10.1017/S0022112001004736


In many industrial processes granular materials are mixed together in partially filled slowly rotating drums. In this paper a general theoretical framework is developed for the quasi-two-dimensional motion of granular material in a rotating drum. The key assumption is that the body can be divided into a fluid-like and a solid-like region, that are separated by a non-material singular surface at which discontinuities occur. Experiments show that close to the free surface there is a thin rapidly moving fluid-like avalanche that flows downslope, and beneath it there is a large region of slowly rotating solid-like material. The solid region provides a net transport of material upslope and there is strong mass transfer between the two regions. In the theory the avalanche is treated as a shallow incompressible Mohr–Coulomb or inviscid material sliding on a moving bed at which there is erosion and deposition. The solid is treated as a rigid rotating body, and the two regions are coupled together using a mass jump condition. The theory has the potential to model time-dependent intermittent flow with shock waves, as well as steady-state continuous flow. An exact solution for the case of steady continuous flow is presented. This demonstrates that when the base of the avalanche lies above the axis of revolution a solid core develops in the centre of the drum. Experiments are presented to show how a mono-disperse granular material mixes in the drum, and the results are compared with the predictions using the exact solution.

Item Type:Article
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© 2001 Cambridge University Press

Subjects:MSC 2000 > 35 Partial differential equations
MSC 2000 > 70 Mechanics of particles and systems
MSC 2000 > 74 Mechanics of deformable solids
MSC 2000 > 86 Geophysics
MIMS number:2006.232
Deposited By:Ms Lucy van Russelt
Deposited On:04 August 2006

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