Accretion disc dynamos opened up by external magnetic fields

Moss, D. and Shukurov, A. (2004) Accretion disc dynamos opened up by external magnetic fields. Astronomy & Astrophysics, 413. pp. 403-414. ISSN 0004-6361

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Abstract

We show that a relatively weak poloidal external magnetic field, imposed in the outer parts of a Keplerian accretion disc, can open magnetic lines of a much stronger magnetic field generated by the dynamo in the inner disc. The resulting magnetic configuration can be favourable for launching a centrifugally driven wind. Even for a relatively weak external magnetic field (with energy density in excess of about only 10% of the thermal energy density at the outer disc radius) the geometry of the poloidal field in the disc neigbourhood is almost independent of the dynamo action, and is determined by the external field. The radial profile of the poloidal magnetic field on the disc surface is similar to that in the self-similar solution of Blandford & Payne (\cite{BP82}). We conclude that poloidal fields resulting from dynamo action can be important for launching a magneto-centrifugally driven outflow in accretion discs that occur in weakly magnetized environments, i.e. where an external field is too weak to be important. However, even a relatively weak external field can be wound up by the differential rotation to give a much stronger azimuthal field, and so modify dynamo action in the disc.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: accretion, accretion disks, magnetic fields, magnetohydrodynamics (MHD), turbulence
Subjects: PACS 2010, the AIP's Physics and Astronomy Classification Scheme > 90 GEOPHYSICS, ASTRONOMY, AND ASTROPHYSICS > 97 Stars
PACS 2010, the AIP's Physics and Astronomy Classification Scheme > 90 GEOPHYSICS, ASTRONOMY, AND ASTROPHYSICS > 98 Stellar systems; interstellar medium; galactic and extragalactic objects and systems; the Universe
Depositing User: Dr David Moss
Date Deposited: 26 Sep 2006
Last Modified: 20 Oct 2017 14:12
URI: http://eprints.maths.manchester.ac.uk/id/eprint/613

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