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2007.196: On odd Laplace Operators II

2007.196: Hovhannes M. Khudaverdian and Theodore Voronov (2004) On odd Laplace Operators II. In: V. M. Buchstaber and I. M. Krichever, (eds). Geometry, Topology and Mathematical Physics. American Mathematical Society Translations—Series 2, 212. American Mathematical Society, pp. 179-205. ISBN 0821836137

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We analyze geometry of the second order differential operators, having in mind applications to Batalin–Vilkovisky formalism in quantum field theory. As we show, an exhaustive picture can be obtained by considering pencils of differential operators acting on densities of all weights simultaneously. The algebra of densities, which we introduce here, has a natural invariant scalar product. Using it, we prove that there is a one-to-one correspondence between second-order operators in this algebra and the corresponding brackets. A bracket on densities incorporates a bracket on functions, an “upper connection” in the bundle of volume forms, and a term similar to the “Brans–Dicke field” of the Kaluza–Klein formalism. These results are valid for even operators on a usual manifold as well as for odd operators on a supermanifold. For an odd operator ∆ we show that conditions on the order of the operator ∆^2 give an hierarchy of properties such as flatness of the upper connection and the Batalin–Vilkovisky master equation. In particular, we obtain a complete description of generating operators for an arbitrary odd Poisson bracket.

Item Type:Book Section
Subjects:MSC 2000 > 53 Differential geometry
MSC 2000 > 58 Global analysis, analysis on manifolds
MSC 2000 > 81 Quantum theory
MIMS number:2007.196
Deposited By:Mrs Louise Healey
Deposited On:21 November 2007

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